Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attacks the lungs, but can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain. If not treated properly, TB disease can be fatal.  New Mexico is a low-incidence state with an average of less than 50 cases of active TB per year. The New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH) TB TeleECHO program convenes the state’s public health nurses to support a comprehensive case management approach and keep TB knowledge and skills updated. People with latent TB infection are infected with the M. tuberculosis bacteria but do not have any symptoms of the disease. However, without treatment, about 5 to 10% of infected persons will develop TB disease at some time in their lives and those whose immune systems are weak, especially those with HIV infection, the risk of developing TB disease is considerably higher.  The NMDOH TB Infection TeleECHO Program provides education and information on best practice care for clinicians caring for patients with latent TB infection. The goal is to train public and private primary care clinicians in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with latent tuberculosis to avoid the patients developing tuberculosis disease.
NMDOH TB ECHO: New Mexico public health TB nurse case managers
NMDOH TB Infection ECHO: New Mexico public health nurses and private sector clinicians